The face of web design is evolving and will soon undergo another transformation. HTML 5 and XHTML 2.0, two similar languages, will compete for top billing. While the two competitors appear to be nearly identical at first glance, a closer examination reveals that while the two APIs share some capabilities, they also have several fundamental differences.
• Both standards make a clear distinction between styling and content.
• Both include new navigation list features.
• Both make use of fewer scripts and incorporate new applications that increase their strength and consistency.
• Both enable users to incorporate richer content into their texts.
• XHTML 2.0 provides a simpler navigation system and requires significantly less markup.
• XHTML 2.0 is incompatible with both HTML 4.0 and XHTML 1.0.
• HTML 5 will primarily support the HTML and XHTML standards currently in use.
• The new HTML standard includes APIs for advanced media playback, document editing, drawing on a 2D canvas, web messaging, video, audio, and graphics embedding, client-side data storage, and interactive documents.
While both standards enable users to insert richer content into their texts, the two APIs implement this capability differently. While XHTML 2.0 allows for the definition of an element in relation to its context, HTML 5 simplifies the process by listing classes that describe specific elements, such as copyright, error, example, and note.
Clearly, the new HTML standard will shape the future of web design. This API enhances interoperability while also lowering development costs. Additionally, it includes numerous unique web configuration applications that do not exist in XHTML 2.0, such as APIs for advanced media playback, document editing, the ability to draw on a 2D canvas, web messaging, functions for embedding video, audio, and graphics, client-side data storage, and interactive documents. The new HTML is capable of revolutionising the way websites are configured and will undoubtedly have an impact on future web design and development, particularly on web accessibility and web standards.
HTML 5’s Best Features
HTML 5 development began in 2004 and five years later, we are still nowhere near a final draught. Ian Hickson, the co-editor of HTML 5, stated that the final draught may not be available until 2022. However, even at this early stage of development, HTML has a great deal to offer. We’ve compiled a list of the language’s five most exciting features:
1. Aspect of Video
With the help of HTML 5 codes, you can embed a video on a page just as easily as you can an image. And what’s more, you can manipulate videos using built-in video controls, and you’re not required to use third-party code to embed a video.
In simple terms, a canvas is a drawable region defined in HTML code by the height and width attributes. HTML 5 introduces a new feature: dynamically generated graphics. It can be used to create graphics, compose photographs, and create simple (or complex) animations. All of this can be accomplished without the use of an external plug-in.
3. Geographical Location
4. Caches for Applications
This feature enables you to store web applications (such as e-mails) and access them without requiring an internet connection. Google Gears (which enables offline access to Gmail) is an implementation of HTML 5’s Application Cache codes.
5. Web browser hyper-threading
This feature enables the use of separate background threads for processing without impairing the performance of a webpage. This is particularly advantageous for applications that rely heavily on scripts to perform such functions.
HTML 5’s aforementioned features (and others) are incompatible with certain browsers (IE specifically). HTML 5 is still in its early stages of development, and some features have not been fully defined. Nonetheless, it is extremely useful due to the additional features it offers in comparison to previous versions.
HTML 5 will continue to evolve, but for now, these are some features that will undoubtedly benefit designers and developers.